Ballota Nigra

گیاگانی ، گیاه آنغوزه

 : Overview 

 Other Names

 

- Ballota;

- Ballote Fétide;

- Ballote Noire;

- Ballote Puante;

- Ballote Vulgaire;

- Black Stinking Horehound;

- Marrube Fétide;

- Marrube Noir;

- Marrubio Negro.

 

 Overview Information

Black Horehound is a plant. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine.

People use Black Horehound for conditions such as nausea, vomiting, spasms, cough, infection of the intestines by parasites, and many others, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

Don't confuse Black Horehound with white horehound.

 

 How Does It Work?

Black Horehound has chemicals that might have a variety of functions, such as helping to stop nausea, vomiting, spasms, and other effects.

 

 : Uses & Effectiveness 

 Insufficient Evidence for:

 

© Nausea

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© Vomiting

-

 

© Nervous disorders

-

 

© Cough

-

 

© Spasms

-

 

© Gout

-

 

© Infection of the intestines by parasites.

-

 

© Other Conditions

-

More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of Black Horehound for these uses.

 : Side Effects & Safety 

 When Taken by Mouth:

Black Horehound is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people, but there isn't enough reliable information to know what the side effects might be.

 

 When Applied to the Skin:

There isn't enough reliable information to know if Black Horehound is safe or what the side effects might be.

 

 When Given as An Enema (Rectally):

There isn't enough reliable information to know if Black Horehound is safe or what the side effects might be.

 

 Special Precautions & Warnings:

 

© Pregnancy and Breast-Feeding

It's LIKELY UNSAFE to take Black Horehound by mouth if you are pregnant. Black Horehound may affect the menstrual cycle, and this could threaten the pregnancy. There isn't enough reliable information to know if Black Horehound is safe to apply to the skin or give as an enema (rectally) when pregnant. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

There isn't enough reliable information to know if Black Horehound is safe to use when breastfeeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

 

© Parkinson Disease

Black Horehound contains chemicals that affect the brain. There is some concern that Black Horehound might affect treatment for Parkinson disease.

 

© Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders

Black Horehound contains chemicals that affect the brain. There is some concern that Black Horehound might harm people with schizophrenia and psychotic disorders.

 

 Interactions

 Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination:

 

© Medications Used for Parkinson's Disease (Dopamine Agonists) Interacts with Black Horehound

Black Horehound contains chemicals that affect the brain. These chemicals affect the brain similarly to some medications used for Parkinson's disease. Taking Black Horehound with these medications might increase the effects and side effects of some medications used for Parkinson's disease.

Some medications used for Parkinson's disease include:

- Bromocriptine (Parlodel);

- Levodopa (Dopar, Component of Sinemet);

- Pramipexole (Mirapex);

- Ropinirole (Requip);

- and Others.

 

 Dosing

The appropriate dose of Black Horehound depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for Black Horehound. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using

(“Black Horehound”; WebMD).

 : Synonyms 

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 : Useful Plant Parts and How to Use  

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 : Uses  

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 : How to Use  

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 : Prohibition  

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 : Side Effect 

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 : Drug Interaction 

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 : Habitat and Distribution 

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 : Chemical Constituents 

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 : Preservation/Storage 

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 :  Other Descriptions 

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 :  Images 

 :  Abbreviation 

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 :  References 

1 - Giagani herbal research group

Giagani ،  Herbal Research Group

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